How to perform automatic startup repair in windows 11/10


A bad system update, a new graphics thẻ, corrupted system files, even a fresh USB mouse—any of these can cause a dreaded Windows 10 automatic repair loop to occur when you’re trying to boot up a Windows PC.

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You’ll usually see this error when Windows 10 tries lớn boot and can’t, forcing itself through an endless cycle of automatically trying lớn repair itself. If Windows can’t repair itself, it reboots & repeats the cycle. To fix a Windows 10 automatic repair loop, here’s what you’ll need to vị.


What Causes a Windows 10 Automatic Repair Loop?

There isn’t a single cause for a Windows 10 automatic repair loop, but there are several situations that are likely to cause it. Missing or corrupted system files are one of the more comtháng causes, where Windows can’t boot (or repair itself) because these essential files it needs to lớn run aren’t available.

This prevents the Windows kernel (ntoskrnl.exe) và other essential Windows services from fully loading, preventing you from using your PC. Another issue that could cause a repair loop is a newly installed component or connected peripheral that’s missing a device driver (or just isn’t working correctly).


If you’ve sầu recently upgraded your PC, your new components will need device drivers khổng lồ allow Windows lớn use it. If the drivers are missing, out-of-date, or not supported, it could cause a repair loop, especially for critical components like a new graphics thẻ.

Other problems, such as faulty components, malware infection, corrupted system registry, and even broken installation files all point khổng lồ a possible cause. Thankfully, many of the fixes you can try below will work for most causes of a Windows 10 automatic repair loop.

1. Disconnect or Remove sầu Recently Installed or Connected Devices

If you recently installed new hardware before a Windows 10 automatic repair loop began to lớn appear, then the hardware you’ve installed is a likely cause of the problem.

This is usually because of a missing driver or driver conflict. Device drivers allow Windows to lớn interface the hardware (such as your graphics card) with the software (Windows services & third-tiệc ngọt software). If the drivers are missing or broken, this can stop Windows from booting up properly.


In most cases, removing the problematic device will allow Windows to skip over the issue. If Windows boots with the device removed, you can then look at installing new drivers or replacing the component. For instance, installing a new graphics thẻ could require you lớn tải về and install drivers from the manufacturer’s trang web.

2. Run System Repair Tools (Chkdsk, SFC)

If you can’t immediately trace the cause of a Windows 10 automatic repair loop, the best thing lớn bởi vì is start with some comtháng system repair tools. While Windows can’t boot, you can usually force Windows to boot lớn a commvà prompt window using the Advanced Options menu screen.

To vị this, restart your PC và press the F8 key on your keyboard before the Windows hình ảnh sản phẩm and spinning icon appears (you may need to repeat this step a few times). This should cause the Windows boot troubleshooting menu khổng lồ appear. Select See advanced repair options lớn begin.


Select Command Prompt in the Advanced options thực đơn to boot to lớn a minimal version of Windows, showing only a commvà prompt window.
Next, you can kiểm tra the integrity of Windows system files by using the System File Checker tool. Type sfc /scannow to lớn begin. This could take some time lớn complete.
Once you’re finished, press the cross (X) inhỏ in the top-right to lớn cthảm bại the command prompt window & restart your PC.

3. Run the Windows 10 DISM tool

The System File Checker utility above will fix system files using a local Windows image. If certain files become corrupted, Windows will replace them with the local image, but if this image itself has become corrupted, Windows can’t repair itself.

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To overcome this, you can use the DISM (Deployment Image Servicing & Management) tool to repair your system files first.

To vì this, press the F8 key during boot up, then select See advanced repair options.
At the next stage, select Enable Safe Mode with Networking by selecting the 5 number key (or F5) on your keyboard. Windows will boot up to Safe Mode, with only minimal services enabled.
Once Windows boots up in Safe Mode, right-cliông chồng the Start menu & select Windows PowerShell (Admin).
In the PowerShell window, type DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth & allow the process lớn complete, which could take some time.
When the DISM tool finishes running, reboot your PC and use the steps above sầu to lớn boot into a command-line window, repeating the SFC commvà (sfc /scannow) lớn ensure Windows is fully repaired.

4. Disable Automatic Startup Repair to Limit Boot Loops

If you’re confident that a Windows 10 installation is still functional, then it’s possible lớn disable the automatic startup repair system. This should allow you lớn boot into Windows without the repair loop taking place.

This will only work if Windows is working properly, however. If it isn’t (& you still can’t boot), you may need to lớn consider more drastic fixes (such as restoring Windows) afterwards.

To start, press F8 & wait for the boot troubleshoot thực đơn khổng lồ load, selecting See advanced repair lớn proceed.
In the boot troubleshoot menu, select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Commvà Prompt, then wait for the comm& line window to open. You may need khổng lồ authenticate with your local or Microsoft tài khoản password first.
In the command line window, type bcdedit và double-kiểm tra the values for identifier recoveryenabled. The identifier value will usually appear as default, with recoveryenabled listed as yes.To change this, type bcdedit /mix default recoveryenabled no to disable automatic boot repair.If you’re running this commvà from a commvà line or PowerShell window in Safe Mode, you may need lớn replace the identifier value lớn current instead (e.g. bcdedit /set current recoveryenabled no).
Press the cross (X) icon in the top-right to lớn reboot your PC. If Windows can boot, you should be able to lớn sign in as normal at the next stage.

Maintaining a Healthy Windows 10 Installation

If Windows 10 is still in an automatic repair loop (or if it has other issues that prsự kiện it from booting up properly), you may need to lớn consider more drastic repair methods, such as wiping & reinstalling Windows. This may thua kém your local saved files, so be sure to lớn baông xã up your hard drive sầu before you begin.

Once you’ve sầu managed to fix the repair loop using the steps above, you’ll need to lớn make sure you maintain a healthy installation with regular system maintenance. Keeping Windows updated with new device driver updates & important system upgrades is essential.

If updates become stuck or if updates just won’t install properly, don’t forget khổng lồ try some simple fixes, from a quiông xã restart to lớn running the Windows Update Troubleshooter. Updating isn’t the only thing you can bởi lớn boost your PC performance, however—even cleaning your PC will have a positive impact.

Ben Stockton is a freelance công nghệ writer based in the United Kingdom. In a past life, Ben was a college lecturer in the UK, training teens and adults. Since leaving the classroom, Ben has taken his teaching experience và applied it to writing tech how-lớn guides and tutorials, specialising in Linux, Windows, & Android. He has a degree in History và a postgraduate qualification in Computing. Read Ben"s Full Bio

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